Toothaches, also known as odontalgia, are usually caused by problems with the teeth or jaw, such as cavities, cracked teeth, a bare tooth root, gum disease, disease of the jaw, or muscle spasms.
The severity and intensity of toothaches can vary, it can be chronic and mild to acute and very painful and anywhere in between. A methodical oral test like x-rays can be done to determine the exact reason, whether the toothache is caused by a problem of the teeth or the jaw.
Cavities are the main cause of toothaches.
Cavities begin with the food debris that sticks to the surface of teeth and provides food for bacteria. The bacteria produces acids that dissolve and destroy the enamel surface of the tooth. Forming a gap (cavity) that if not handled by removing the decayed material and filling it, will spread into the tooth and begin to cause pain. If the cavity spreads further into the tooth, it will erode and destroy the pulp of tooth. Pulp damage can lead to death of the pulp, infection and tooth abscess, requiring either a root canal treatment or extraction to handle the problem.
Other causes of toothaches are:
Symptoms of Toothache include the following:
Here are six ways to reduce or relieve toothache pain:
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